Coopertaive learning

Conflict-management skills Group processing Group processing occurs when group members a reflect on which member actions were helpful and b make decision about which actions to continue or change. The purpose of group processing is to clarify and improve the effectiveness with which members carry out the processes necessary to achieve the group's goals. In order for student achievement to improve considerably, two characteristics must be present:

Coopertaive learning

Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways.

There are also different types of cooperative groups appropriate for different situations. More than Just Working in Groups Five key elements differentiate cooperative learning from simply putting students into groups to learn Johnson et al. The essence of individual accountability in cooperative learning is "students learn together, but perform alone.

Coopertaive learning

This includes oral explanations of how to solve problems, discussing the nature of the concepts being learned, and connecting present learning with past knowledge.

It is through face-to-face, promotive interaction that members become personally committed to each other as well as to their mutual goals. Interpersonal and Small Group Social Skills: In cooperative learning groups, students learn academic subject matter taskwork and also interpersonal and small group skills teamwork.

Thus, a group must know how to provide effective leadership, decision-making, trust-building, communication, and conflict management. Given the complexity of these skills, teachers can encourage much higher performance by teaching cooperative skill components within cooperative lessons. As students develop these skills, later group projects will probably run more smoothly and efficiently than early ones.

After completing their task, students must be given time and procedures for analyzing how well their learning groups are functioning and how well social skills are being employed. Group processing involves both taskwork and teamwork, with an eye to improving it on the next project.

Similarly, Kagan has developed the easily recalled acronym PIES to denote the key elements of positive interdependence, individual accountability, equal participation, and simultaneous interaction where the latter 2 components encompass the final three described above. Implementing the Elements of Cooperative Learning There are a variety of techniques that can be used to promote one or more of the elements of effective cooperative learning groups.

The list below is intended to be representative rather than exhaustive.

Cooperative Learning Strategies | Colorín Colorado

This is the usual motivation for assigning students to work in groups in the first place, a learning task that a student cannot accomplish alone in a reasonable length of time.

Often these projects are more interesting and can teach more than simplified versions. See examples of projects. Divide the group into specialists on particular areas of the material to be learned.

Specialists in one area work together to develop expertise in their specialty, then return to their original group to combine their new expertise with those of experts on other aspects of the material to finish the project. For a complete description of this technique, see the jigsaw module.

Providing students with the opportunity to learn how to provide and received constructive feedback is an important part of process of conducting research.

Cooperative Learning for ELLs

The peer review module describes how to use student pairs or groups to help each other with written work. Ways to promote positive interdependence include Smith and Wallerp. Individuals can be given quizzes and exams.

Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways. Cooperative learning is a teaching method where students of mixed levels of ability are arranged into groups and rewarded according to the group's success, rather than the success of an individual.

See the assessment of cooperative learning page for more information about how to encourage individual accountability.

Encourage students to interface with multiple parts of the project by assigning roles that require interaction with the rest of the group as they work, such as checking data, keeping the group on task, or keeping records.Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project.

It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students. These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways.

Kagan Catalog - Cooperative Learning

There are also different types of. Cooperative learning is a teaching method where students of mixed levels of ability are arranged into groups and rewarded according to the group's success, rather than the success of an individual. In cooperative learning situations, there is a positive interdependence among students' goal attainments; students perceive that they can reach their learning goals if and only if the other students in the learning group also reach their goals (Deutsch ; Johnson and Johnson ).

Coopertaive learning

Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject.

For a teacher who is trying to teach through cooperative learning from the teacher's resources or lesson plans, he or she might face problems of discipline or noisy lessons as after all it's just a class full of students.

Hence, there are some cooperative learning instruction strategies, which can. Cooperative learning involves more than students working together on a lab or field project. It requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students.

These structures involve five key elements which can be implemented in a variety of ways.

What is Cooperative Learning? — Cooperative Learning Institute